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Walking and Cycling Routes

Walking and cycling are the most sustainable and active forms of transport. Many of our daily trips are short and can be walked or cycled. In addition, a walkable environment is very important to support good public transport, as all public transport users are pedestrians at the beginning and end of their trips. Neighbourhoods that are easy and safe to walk in can increase the potential catchment of public transport services. Therefore, the walking and cycling network should be integral to the design of land uses, neighbourhoods, towns and cities.

Both pedestrians and cyclists need a legible and direct network of paths, off or on-road, and other facilities (such as bicycle parking) at destinations. Both modes of transport require attention to urban and traffic design details, such as footpaths or shared paths, kerb ramps, shade, signage, signal timing, lighting as well as other design features that improve safety, convenience and attractiveness.

Design objective

  • To provide an accessible and integrated network of walking and cycling routes for safe and convenient travel to local destinations and between key land uses within urban places.

Design considerations

  • Plan and construct legible, connected walking and cycling routes leading to local destinations and focal points such as shops, schools, parks and public transport stops. Routes should be continuous and direct. Proximate duplicate paths should be avoided to maximise use and safety.
  • Create safe places for people to walk and cycle, which are overlooked by buildings and have clear sightlines. Provide information to assist with safe route planning, such as route maps.
  • Provide and maintain footpaths on all streets. When appropriate in terms of the streets hierarchy they should be provided on both sides of the streets.
  • Create stimulating and attractive routes to encourage repeated use with careful consideration of details such directness, lighting, shade, opportuniites to stop and rest, landscaping with appropriate species choice, pavement and edge treatments and directional signage.
  • For on-road cycle routes, allocate sufficient operating space for cyclists and use signage and road marking to reduce ambiguity about where it is. Provide safe places to cross streets close to the direct line of travel for pedestrains and cyclists.
  • Ensure that shared paths are carefully designed with sufficient width, adequate sightlines, gentle gradients and turns and marked centrelines.
  • Incorporate end-of-trip facilites within buildings to encourage walking and cycling. Locate secure bicycle storage in well lit, visible locations conveniently close to building entries and/or at ground level in multi-storey buildings.
  • Connect local walking and cycling networks to regional routes linking centres and facilities.
  • Provide walking and cycling information infrastructure as early as possible in the land development process, to encourage use, and deter the development of car-dependent communities.

Key references

Additional resources

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